There are no magic tricks when it comes to knowing how to clean a mattress. All you need are a few key ingredients (which you’re likely to have in your cupboard at home), elbow grease, and patience. Take steps to remove stains when they first happen, and aim to give your mattress a deep cleaning at least once every season.
Experts recommend different products for different kinds of mattresses, so make sure you know what’s best for your bed.
How to Clean a Mattress
Here are her suggestions for how to clean your mattress:
- First, apply a cleaning spray to one side of the mattress. Her go-to spray consists of a quarter cup hydrogen peroxide, one cup of water, and 10 drops of lavender essential oil.
- Next, clean the same side of the mattress with a steam machine. Spend at least 15 minutes on this part, then let it dry.
- Finally, after this side of your mattress is completely dry, flip it over, and repeat the spray and steam steps on the other side.
While your mattress is drying and airing out, DeMorrow suggests you clean all your bedding and pillows. (Because if you have a sparkling clean mattress, you want clean bedding, too, right?) Remember to turn your mattress every time you clean it to extend its lifespan.
It’s a good idea to vacuum both sides of your mattress about once a month to get rid of dust and dust mites, and to reduce the risk of allergic reactions and irritation. Another good tip is to air out your mattress every few months. Sit it outside in a sunny spot to dry out any moisture, prevent mold, and get rid of lingering odors.
How to Clean a Mattress Stain
Try to identify the stain to choose the best method for cleaning. (We discuss urine stains, below.) For unidentified stains, use a diluted dish detergent. DeMorrow recommends adding two squirts of liquid dish-washing soap to the cleaning spray mixture of hydrogen peroxide, water, and lavender essential oil to create a stain-removal spray. It’s always a good idea to test your chosen cleaning product on a small, inconspicuous area first.
Spray the product onto the stained area, and let it sit for at least five minutes, then blot with paper towels until all the liquid is gone. Use any cleaning products sparingly, as you don’t want to soak your mattress too much.
How to Clean Urine from a Mattress
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If you have young kids, you’ve probably had to deal with more than one bed-wetting incident. Here’s how to clean a mattress with urine stains, according to Chris Brantner, certified sleep science coach at SleepZoo.com. (These steps are the same for how to clean dried urine from mattress surfaces.)
- Act quickly! Urine stains and smells can set in fast, and the longer you wait, the harder you’ll have to work. First, soak up as much of the urine from the mattress as possible with paper towels.
- Use a powerful biological cleaning agent, such as distilled white vinegar, to get rid of urine. Mix one part white vinegar with one part warm water, and put this into an empty spray bottle.
- Spray the stained areas with your mixture. Open a window or turn on a fan to help eliminate the strong vinegar smell, and leave the mixture on the mattress for at least five minutes.
- Use paper towels to soak up as much vinegar as possible, pressing the towels into the mattress to absorb more liquid.
- Baking soda is your secret weapon for getting rid of the smell of urine because it acts as a neutralizing agent. Brantner recommends sprinkling a generous amount of baking soda on the mattress, focusing on the stained areas. “The baking soda will start to cake up as it soaks up moisture,” he says. “But it needs time to work, so let it sit on the mattress for two to four hours.”
- After the baking soda has had plenty of time to soak in, vacuum your mattress.
- If moisture remains, repeat the baking soda and vacuuming steps. For very stubborn urine stains, leave the baking soda to set overnight.
Whether you’re looking into how to wash a mattress pad or how to clean a futon mattress, baking soda is a great tool to have in your stain-removal arsenal.
How to Clean a Memory Foam Mattress
Steam cleaning may not be suitable for a memory foam mattress. In fact, many memory foam manufacturers advise against steam cleaning.
To get rid of stains, use a mild detergent, which is safer than a harsh bleach or ammonia-based chemical product that might destroy the memory foam.
Mix a dish-washing liquid with warm water until bubbles form. Dip a clean sponge into the bubbles, and apply it to the mattress with gentle circular motions, focusing on stained areas. You can also use a vinegar-and-water mixture instead of a detergent. Put the mixture into a spray bottle, and spray the mattress, then rub the stain quickly with an absorbent clean cloth.
Baking soda can be used on a memory foam mattress to absorb dampness and eliminate any lingering odors.
How to Clean a Pillow-Top Mattress
Pillow-top mattresses have an extra layer of padding attached to the top of the mattress.You can use regular mattress stain-removal methods on a pillow-top mattress, but the thick padding of a pillow top allows liquids to soak in quickly. To minimize staining, act quickly to blot stains with a clean rag, then follow the cleaning and stain-removal steps above.
Knowing how to deep clean a mattress is important, but prevention is also key. To protect your mattress from future stains, Brantner recommends investing in a mattress cover — a durable, waterproof layer that goes between your mattress and your sheets. It’s a must-have for those with kids at home!
This post was written by Claire Gillespie.