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Taking Your Pup To the Dog Park? Here’s What You Need To Know First

Keep Spot safe.


For dog lovers, an ideal world would include huge, green valleys for Spot to run and frolic to his heart’s content with no risk of danger or escape. But in the real world, these spaces don’t exist — which is why we have dog parks. As grateful as many dog lovers are for these fenced-in puppy play areas, they have their own risks. Keep reading to learn more about dog park safety and dog park alternatives. 

The Advantages of Dog Parks

Sure, you love to relax on the couch, and Fido loves to relax right next to you. But no matter what breed, age, or size he is, your pup also needs some daily exercise. How much? That all depends. According to the American Kennel Club, a high-energy breed like a Border Collie needs more exercise than lower-energy breeds like Basset Hounds; and if you have one of those high-energy pets — and no large, fenced-in backyard — it’s often difficult finding a place where your dog can run free and burn off that energy. This is where dog parks come into play.

Exercise without restraint.

Dog parks allow your dog to run off-leash in a contained area: You can throw a ball, play chase, or just let Fluffy indulge her zoomies without fear that she’ll escape. You can always take your pup on a run, but dog parks allow them to sprint at full-speed without dragging you along behind. They can easily tire themselves out — and as dog owners know, a tired dog is a good dog. 


Another reason people love dog parks is because they allow for socialization, or exposing Fido to new settings, people, and pups. If you, like me, have just one dog and are a bit of a homebody, it’s unlikely that Spot is getting a lot of playtime with others. But allowing your dog time around other dogs and people is important for their development, confidence, and quality of life (just like a child!). Longwood Veterinary Center notes that social dogs are less fearful, which is important because canine fear can lead to aggression. Socialized dogs are also better-behaved for vet visits and grooming appointments. Ultimately, dog parks provide the opportunity for dogs to learn how to behave around other pets outside of the home. 

The Disadvantages of Dog Parks

While dog parks have a lot of benefits, they’re not for everyone. Even if your dog needs a lot of exercise or socialization, the risks of letting your dog run off-leash with unfamiliar pups may outweigh the benefits. Pet site Dachshund Station lists the potential dangers of dog parks below.

Health risks.

Because most dog parks are open to anyone, there’s no way of knowing whether the other pups are healthy and vaccinated against infectious diseases. Even if your dog is fully inoculated, they are still vulnerable to the spread of certain illnesses, as well as parasites, like fleas and ticks. 


Even if your dog plays nicely, others may not, and situations can become dangerous quickly. There are many factors at a dog park that are out of your control, like other dogs’ levels of training and their play styles. You also won’t know beforehand whether they are spayed, neutered, or in heat, or whether they are prone to resource guarding or anxiety. All of these factors can lead to unpredictable aggression, which may cause fights and injury. 

Safety risks.

Some dog parks simply aren’t safe, due to overcrowding, insecure fencing, or a lack of separation between big and small dogs. Relinquishing control by letting your dog off-leash in environments like this may not be worth it. 

8 Safety Tips for Off-Leash Dog Parks

If you’ve decided that dog parks are right for you and your dog, there are some things to keep in mind. Check out these eight tips from Taste of the Wild

  1. Socialize your dog first. While the dog park is helpful for socialization, it’s not ideal for a dog’s first exposure to other animals. Introduce your dog to some pets one-on-one in controlled environments before trusting them to behave well with other dogs at the dog park. 
  2. Train, train, train. Basic recall commands like “come,” “sit,” and “stay” seem simple, but they could save your dog’s life in a dangerous situation. Ensure your dog can listen and obey, despite distracting surroundings, in order to have more control at the dog park. Check out these life-saving commands to teach your dog. 
  3. Check the gates. Before letting your dog off-leash, make sure the enclosure is secure. You don’t want your dog escaping. 
  4. Know your dog. If your dog is timid, rambunctious, aggressive, or just doesn’t play well with others, consider the fact that the dog park is not for you. Other factors to consider include your dog’s age (puppies’ immune systems aren’t fully developed, which leaves them vulnerable to the spread of disease) and size. If the dog park doesn’t have separate pens for large and small dogs, allowing them to intermingle can put some animals in harm’s way; small dogs may trigger larger dogs’ prey drives, and gentle play can be more difficult if one dog is much larger than the other. 
  5. Leave certain things (and dogs) at home. If you have multiple dogs, take them to the park one at a time. It’s harder to pay careful attention to two dogs at once. Also, don’t bring Fido’s favorite toys — while fun, they could encourage possessiveness and aggressive resource guarding if the other dogs want to share. 
  6. Be considerate. Clean up after your dog when she goes potty. Not only is disposing of poop the considerate thing to do (who likes cleaning poop off their shoes?), but it can also help keep parasites at bay. 
  7. Pay attention. Leave your phone in your pocket and completely focus on your dog’s interactions and body language. If they show signs of stress, you need to call them away immediately. 
  8. Don’t get in the middle of a fight. If the worst case scenario happens and a fight between dogs breaks out, don’t try to break it up physically. Getting in the middle of it may cause serious injury. Instead, spray the fighting dogs with water or make a loud noise to distract them. 

Alternatives To Dog Parks

Has reading this convinced you that dog parks aren’t right for your pup? That’s okay — they’re not for everyone. But you don’t have to go without exercise and socialization as a result. Dog site K9 Of Mine recommends some alternatives.

Use a dog stroller. 

This might sound silly, but if you have a small enough dog, putting her in a stroller and going for a long walk is a great way to give her safe mental stimulation — plus, it’s good exercise for you. 

Schedule play dates. 

Invite your best friend and their dog to meet you and your pup one-on-one in a safe place. This quieter setting will allow for more control and give you insight into your dog’s play style. 

Try out a dog treadmill. 

Treadmills are a win for humans, but it turns out these machines are also a great way to give your dog the exercise they need at home. Added bonus: They can get their energy out even when it’s raining — no muddy paws in sight. If you have a treadmill at home already, you can train your dog to walk on it. There are also treadmills made specifically for dogs; they’re pricey, but may be worth it (Buy from Amazon, $399.99).

So, is the dog park right for you and your furry pal? Whether it is or isn’t, it’s important to know how to keep Fido safe in uncontrolled environments. That’s your best friend, after all. 

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